Regulation

Related to regulation: Self regulation. The act of regulating or the state of being regulated. A governmental order having the force of law. Also called executive order. Embryology The capacity of an embryo to continue normal development following injury to or alteration of a structure. Sports The standard playing period for a timed game, prior to overtime or a shootout.

Zoology embryol the ability of an animal embryo to develop normally after its structure has been altered or damaged in some way. Electrical Engineering electrical engineering the change in voltage occurring when a load is connected across a power supply, caused by internal resistance for direct current or internal impedance alternating current.

Switch to new thesaurus. A principle governing affairs within or among political units: canondecreeedictinstitutelawordinancepreceptprescriptionrule. A code or set of codes governing action or procedure, for example: dictateprescriptrubricrule. Regelung Vorschrift Bestimmung Einstellung. Saturday is his regular day for shopping; That isn't our regular postman, is it? American normal. He's too handicapped to attend a regular school. They placed guards at regular intervals round the camp; Is his pulse regular?

He's a regular visitor; He's one of our regular customers. He's looking for a regular job. I don't want the large size of packet — just give me the regular one.

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His heart was beating regularly. He comes here regularly. We must regulate our spending; Traffic lights are used to regulate traffic. Can you regulate this watch so that it keeps time accurately? There are certain regulations laid down as to how this job should be done, and these must be obeyed; also adjective Please use envelopes of the regulation size. Mentioned in? References in classic literature? The regulation of foreign commerce, having fallen within several views which have been taken of this subject, has been too fully discussed to need additional proofs here of its being properly submitted to the federal administration.

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The regulation of commerce with the Indian tribes is very properly unfettered from two limitations in the articles of Confederation, which render the provision obscure and contradictory. View in context. Court-martial and degradation follow swiftly, unless as is often the case, the unfortunate man takes his own life before this unjust and heartless regulation can hold him up to public scorn.A rule of order having the force of law, prescribed by a superior or competent authority, relating to the actions of those under the authority's control.

Regulations are issued by various federal government departments and agencies to carry out the intent of legislation enacted by Congress.

Administrative agencies, often called "the bureaucracy," perform a number of different government functions, including rule making. The rules issued by these agencies are called regulations and are designed to guide the activity of those regulated by the agency and also the activity of the agency's employees. Regulations also function to ensure uniform application of the law. Administrative agencies began as part of the Executive Branch of government and were designed to carry out the law and the president's policies.

Congress, however, retains primary control over the organization of the bureaucracy, including the power to create and eliminate agencies and confirm presidential nominations for staffing the agencies.

Congress has also created administrative agencies that exist outside of the executive branch and are independent of presidential control. President franklin d.

Over the years administrative agencies have become more powerful participants in the overall federal government structure as Congress and the president have delegated more legislative and executive duties to them. Administrative agencies have also become responsible for many judicial functions.

The judicial and legislative functions of administrative agencies are not exactly like those of the courts or the legislature, but they are similar. Because regulations are not the work of the legislature, they do not have the effect of law in theory; but in practice, regulations can have an important effect in determining the outcome of cases involving regulatory activity. Much of the legislative power vested in administrative agencies comes from the fact that Congress can only go so far in enacting legislation or establishing guidelines for the agencies to follow.

Language that is intrinsically vague and cannot speak for every factual situation to which it is applied, as well as political factors, dictate that the agencies have much to interpret and decide in enforcing legislation. For example, Securities laws prohibit insiders from profiting against the public interest, but it is left to the applicable Administrative Agencythe Securities and Exchange Commissionto define "public interest. The many other administrative agencies and departments make regulations to provide clarity and guidance in their respective areas of the law.

Administrative agencies carry out legislation in several ways, including enacting regulations to carry out what the agency believes is the legislative intent. Agencies generally formulate proposed regulations and then open up rule-making proceedings in which interested parties can testify and comment on them. The agency then issues a rule or policy that binds the agency in future cases just as statutory law does.

The Administrative Procedure Act of5 U. It imposed a number of procedural requirements designed to make procedures among agencies more uniform. In administrative rule-making proceedings formal hearings must be held, interested parties must be given the opportunity to comment on proposed rules, and the adopted formal rules must be published in the Federal Register.B usinesses complain about regulation incessantly, but many citizens, consumer advocates, and nongovernmental organizations NGOs think it absolutely necessary to protect the public interest.

What is regulation? Why do we have it? How has it changed? This article briefly provides some answers, concentrating on experience with regulation in the United States.

Failure to meet regulations can result in fines, orders to cease doing certain things, or, in some cases, even criminal penalties. Economists distinguish between two types of regulation: economic and social. For example, taxi drivers and many professionals lawyers, accountants, beauticians, financial advisers, etc.

As for price controls, for many years, airlines, trucking companies, and railroads were told what prices they could charge, or at least not exceed. Companies providing local telephone service are still subject to price controls in all states.

When this happens, the activities will be pursued too intensely or in ways that fail to stem harm to third parties. For example, left to its own devices, a manufacturing plant may spew harmful chemicals into the air and water, causing harm to its neighbors. Another kind of market failure arises when firms fail to supply sufficient information for consumers or workers to make informed choices.

Disclosure requirements solve this problem, at least in principle. Although truth-in-lending disclosures seem to work well, other disclosures work less well. Few people, for example, read the voluminous package inserts that come with the drugs they take. When policymakers conclude that individuals may be unable to effectively process or act on the information that is disclosed, governments may mandate certain rules or practices.

The prime examples are limits on certain chemical exposures to workers in manufacturing plants. A large body of economic research over the past several decades has focused on regulation, and a surprising degree of consensus has emerged on several propositions. Somewhat surprisingly, policymakers have gradually paid attention to what economists have recommended and changed regulation accordingly.

To be sure, policymakers have acted for other reasons, as well—because of pressure from certain segments of the business community or from NGOs. But economists have played an important role in providing intellectual justification for the changes that have been made. First, economists have urged that price controls be confined to situations in which a market may be dominated by one or perhaps two firms.

Otherwise, if markets are reasonably competitive, there is no place for price regulation. Consistent with these propositions, the federal government in the late s and early s began dismantling price regulation of various transportation services, where there are multiple firms and thus choices for consumers see airline deregulation and surface freight transportation deregulation. Still, there are pockets of economic activity— insurance is one notable example—where some kind of price regulation remains, even though the underlying markets are fundamentally competitive.

Similarly, economists have encouraged policymakers to reduce entry controls so that any firm or individual can enter any market, except in situations where they judge that low quality should not be tolerated. For example, bank regulators no longer closely scrutinize the need for new banks before handing out charters and instead limit their scrutiny only to whether banks have adequate initial capital and whether their owners are reputable.

Licensing systems still remain, however, for doctors, lawyers, accountants, nuclear power plants, and the like because some policymakers believe that the potential damage from low-quality providers can be substantial or irreparable see consumer protection for another viewpoint. Second, economists have urged regulators to design more efficient social regulations so that a given goal—such as clean air—can be achieved at least cost. In practical terms, this means not telling firms exactly what technologies to use i.

In addition, economists have urged regulators to allow firms to trade their compliance status with other firms. For example, a firm that, because of a cheaper technology, can reduce the emissions of a noxious chemical to a level below the standard would be able to sell the rights to emit that shortfall to another firm whose cost of complying is higher.

regulation

This reduces the total cost for a given reduction of overall emissions.Add regulation to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Heads-ups and wake-up calls! The language of warnings. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction.

Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. This is a good example of how the word is used. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. B2 an official rule or the act of controlling something:.

The correct procedure is laid down in the rules and regulations. The Social Democrats are still wedded to the concepts of high taxation and regulation. New safety regulations have been brought in. I have acted strictly in accordance with the regulations at all times. Safety regulations are being ignored by company managers in the drive to increase profits.

It's regulation to wear suits at the office. Habitual and customary. They are introducing new policies and regulations for e-commerce.Regulation GPO Recent amendments. To amend the emergency lending authority of the Federal Reserve Banks comments due March 7, Press release and notice. To establish criteria for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to determine the eligibility of credit rating agencies and the ratings they issue for use in the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility comments due November 9, Press release and notice.

Prohibits lenders from discriminating against credit applicants, establishes guidelines for gathering and evaluating credit information, and requires written notification when credit is denied.

Proposed Amendments To clarify that motor vehicle dealers are not required to comply with certain data collection requirements in the Dodd—Frank Act until final regulations are issued to implement the statutory requirements comments due July 29, Press release and notice.

regulation

To revise certain model notices to incorporate the new credit score disclosure requirements comments due April 14, Press release and notice. Press release and notice effective January 22, Sets uniform requirements for all depository institutions to maintain reserve balances either with their Federal Reserve Bank or as cash. Proposed Amendments To lower the rate of interest paid on excess balances maintained at Reserve Banks by eligible institutions comments due May 13, Press release and notice Submit Comments.

Technical changes to the calculation of interest payments on certain balances maintained by depository institutions at Federal Reserve Banks comments due May 18, Press release and notice. To simplify the administration of reserve requirements Press release and notice.

To remove references to Regulation Q Press release and notice. To enable the establishment of a term deposit facility through which Federal Reserve Banks would offer interest-bearing term deposits to eligible institutions comments due February 1, To authorize the establishment of limited-purpose accounts, called excess balance accounts EBAsat Federal Reserve Banks for the maintenance of excess balances of eligible institutions comments due March 2, Press release and notice.

Establishes the rights, liabilities, and responsibilities of parties in electronic funds transfers and protects consumers when they use such systems. Proposed Amendments To create new protections for consumers who send remittance transfers to recipients in a foreign country Press release and notice. To clarify certain aspects of the final rule limiting the ability of financial institutions to assess overdraft fees for paying ATM and one-time debit card transactions that overdraw a consumer's account comments due March 31, Press release and notice.

Temperature Homeostasis (Regulation)

To restrict the fees and expiration dates that may apply to certain prepaid products, primarily gift cards comments due December 21, Press release and notice. Limits the ability of a financial institution to assess an overdraft fee for paying automated teller machine ATM withdrawals and one-time debit card transactions that overdraw a consumer's account Press release and notice.

Prescribes standards to limit the risks that the failure of a depository institution would pose to an insured depository institution. Regulation GPO Compliance guide. Proposed Amendments To simplify regulatory capital requirements for qualifying community banking organizations by giving them an option to calculate a simple leverage ratio comments due April 9, Press release and notice Submit Comments. Regulation GPO. Proposed Amendments Request for comment on ways to reduce regulatory burden comments due April 4, Notice.

Defines the requirements for membership of state-chartered banks in the Federal Reserve System; sets limitations on certain investments and requirements for certain types of loans; describes rules pertaining to securities-related activities; establishes the minimum ratios of capital to assets that banks must maintain and procedures for prompt corrective action when banks are not adequately capitalized; prescribes real estate lending and appraisal standards; sets out requirements concerning bank security procedures, suspicious-activity reports, and compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act; and establishes rules governing banks' ownership or control of financial subsidiaries.My hormones are always out of wake.

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How can I regulate my periods? I like to try with herbs.

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I am 32 years old and I have 2 children. After my second delivery I had irregular periods.

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I have been on BC most of my life to regulate my periods but I don't like them. And I feel sick.

regulation

My physician said that my thyroid is low but within normal range. My dear your decision is good.

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There is nothing to feel sick; most of the women are having this problem. My daughter had the same problem like you; we tried so many meds but in vain.

At last we tried with herbal meds really it is amazing, after that she had regular period. Now she is happy. I suggest you to try with herbal meds. Good Luck. Related to regulation: Self regulation. See also hemodynamic monitoring. An epigentic process whereby the developmental fates of rates of cell development of embryonic subsystems may change during embryonic development, thereby compensating for defects and permitting normal development of the embryo as a whole.

The human embryo is termed regulatory because its tissues and organs are not determined but become so according to the relationship of the different parts to each other. In experimental embryology, the power of a pregastrula embryo to continue approximately normal development after a part or parts have been manipulated or destroyed. The act of regulating or the state of being regulated. Embryology The capacity of an embryo to continue normal development following injury to or alteration of a structure.Regulationin governmenta rule or mechanism that limits, steers, or otherwise controls social behaviour.

Regulation

Regulation has a variety of meanings that are not reducible to a single concept. In the field of public policyregulation refers to the promulgation of targeted rules, typically accompanied by some authoritative mechanism for monitoring and enforcing compliance.

Accordingly, for a long time in the United States, for example, the study of regulation has been synonymous with the study of the independent agencies enforcing it. In political economyit refers to the attempt of the state to steer the economy, either narrowly defined as the imposition of economic controls on the behaviour of private business or, more broadly, to include other governmental instruments, such as taxation or disclosure requirements.

A third definition of regulation moves beyond an interest in the state and focuses on all means of social control, either intentional or unintentional. This understanding is commonly applied in anthropologysociolegal studies, and international relations because it includes mechanisms such as voluntary agreements or norms that exercise social control outside the reach of a sovereign state and not necessarily as an intentional act of steering.

Thus, different strands of regulation studies share an agreement on the subject of regulation the statethe object the behaviour of nongovernmental actorsthe instruments an authoritative set of rulesor the domain of application e. However, they do not necessarily agree on all those elements. The concept of regulation points to the rules that structure the behaviour of individuals within a given context without postulating where the rules come from and how they are imposed.

The diversity of meanings of regulation has led to controversy and misunderstandings between scholars, most notably on the topic of deregulation. In the economic tradition, deregulation refers to the elimination of specific controls imposed by the government on market interactions, in particular the attempt to control market access, pricesoutput, or product quality.

However, if regulation is conceived of more broadly as a form of economic governanceit is difficult to imagine the total elimination of state intervention. Moreover, the relationship between regulation and competition has been transformed.

Regulation used to be depicted as the enemy of free-market interactions. However, many scholars came to believe that some regulations facilitate competition whereas other regulations impede competition.

Thus, regulation is not necessarily the antonym of free markets or liberalization relaxation of government controls. In this perspective, many scholars preferred using the terms reregulation or regulatory reform instead of the term deregulation.

See also competition policy. The theoretical debates around the concept of regulation reflect different disciplines and research agendas and can be broadly divided into approaches to regulation as an act of government and perspectives on regulation as governance. Regulation as a governmental activity has been studied extensively, including the reasons for regulation and the process by which it is effected.

The original justification of government intervention in economic interactions was public interest. This perspective considers the market as an efficient allocation mechanism of social and economic welfare while also cautioning against market failures. Market failures commonly include natural monopolies, externalitiespublic goodsasymmetric information, moral hazardor transaction costs. Regulation was considered necessary to overcome those difficulties. Conceiving regulation as a tool for overcoming market imperfections, however, has been criticized on a number of points.

First, with the evolution of economic theory, several scholars have questioned the understanding of market failure underlying the explanation of government regulation.

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Second, economists have pointed out the often considerable transaction costs of imposing regulation, which might make it an ineffective policy tool and harmful to social or economic welfare. Finally, the market failure approach argues that regulation is put into place with the goal of achieving economic efficiency.

However, this makes it hard to account for other objectives, such as procedural fairness or redistribution at the expense of efficiency. The Chicago school of economicsknown for its advocacy of laissez-faire economics, focused instead on private interests as the source of regulation.

The principal aim of this perspective is to understand how private interests and public officials interact. A central claim made by theorists following this approach was that policy outcomes are most often contrary to societal or public interest because industry representatives lobby the government for benefits they might gain through protectionism or other forms of economic controls.